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Acoustic Holographic Reconstruction with Metamaterials

Value Proposition To date, most acoustic holographic reconstruction techniques rely on transducer arrays with large numbers of active elements, requiring sophisticated phase shifting circuits, large power consumption and careful calibration and tuning. Therefore, passive acoustic holograms, that are similar to conventional optical holograms, can greatly simplify the system and significantly reduce the overall cost.

Technology A new Duke invention which uses passive metamaterials as subwavelength pixels for holographic reconstruction. It requires only a single transducer, without cumbersome circuitry, thus significantly reduced system complexity and power consumption. A prototype was demonstrated around 4kHz audible frequency range. This metasurface holograms can serve as versatile platforms for various advanced acoustic wave manipulation and signal modulation, leading to new possibilities in acoustic sensing, energy deposition, medical diagnostic imaging and haptic holography.


  • Wireless ultrasound transfer, e.g. wireless power transfer
  • Ultrasonic sensors for smart vehicles
  • Medical therapeutic ultrasound applications
  • Audio speakers


  • Compact and simple design
  • Less power consumption
  • Low cost

Intellectual Property US Patent Pending

Publications Xie, Y. et al. Acoustic Holographic Rendering with Two-dimensional Metamaterial-based Passive. arXiv:1607.06014v1 1-9 (2016).

Inventor Steven Cummer Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering Duke University

Duke File (IDF) Number



  • Xie, Yangbo
  • Cummer, Steven
  • Jing, Yun
  • Shen, Chen

For more information please contact


Pratt School of Engineering

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